Jodhpur is the second largest city in the Indian state of Rajasthan and officially be the second metropolitan city of the state.The capital of the kingdom was known as Marwar of the Rajput. Jodhpur is a prominent tourist destination, featuring many Palaces, forts, and temples, set in the stark landscape of the Thar Desert.

The Jodhpur city which is known as the “Sun City” for the bright and sunny weather it enjoys all the year round. The old city circles the fort and is bounded by a wall with several big gates. Jodhpur is also known as the “Blue City” because of the blue colors that decorate the many of the houses in the old city area.However, the city has expanded greatly outside the wall over the past couple of decades.

Jodhpur - Adventure Travel Trip

The city lies near the geographic center of the Rajasthan state, which makes it a convenient base for the tourist to travel to the city.

Jodhpur’s most notable attractions are Mehrangarh Fort, Umaid Bhawan Palace, Jaswant Thada, and the Ghanta Ghar, or Clock Tower. Tourists are also within proximity to Fort Auwa, Mandore, Kayalana Lake and Garden, Balsamand Lake, Mandaleshwar Mahadev Temple, Ratanada Ganesh Ji Temple, Sardar Samand Lake and Palace,Veer Durgadas Smarak (monument, park and museum), Bhim Bhirak Cave, and Ravan Ka Mandir, the only Ravan temple in India. Other attraction of the city which make the city more colorful is its markets of food, antique items, traditional clothes and traditional shoes (also called jodhpuri mojari) held in Jodhpur.

 

Nahargarh Fort stands on the edge of the Aravalli Hills, overlooking the city of Jaipur, Rajasthan. Along with Amer Fort and Jaigarh Fort, Nahargarh once formed a strong defense ring for the Jaipur city. The fort was originally named Sudarshangarh, but it became known as Nahargarh now, which means ‘abode of tigers’.

The popular belief is that Nahar here stands for Nahar Singh Bhomia, whose spirit haunted the place and obstructed construction of the fort. Nahar’s spirit was pacified by building a temple in his memory within the fort, which after known by his name.

It was built in 1734 by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, the founder of Jaipur, and it was constructed as a place of retreat on the summit of the ridge above the city. Walls extended over the surrounding hills, forming fortifications that connected this fort to Jaigarh.
As the fort never came under attack during the course of its history, it did see some historical events, especially the treaties with the Maratha forces who warred with Jaipur in the 18th century.

The Nahargarh Fort was extended in 1868, during the reign of Sawai Ram Singh. In 1883-92, a range of palaces was built in Nahargarh fort by Dirgh Patel at a cost of nearly three and a half lakh rupees.

Jal Mahal (meaning “Water Palace”) is a palace in the middle of the Man Sagar Lake in Jaipur city, which is the capital of the state of Rajasthan, India. The palace and the lake around it were renovated and enlarged in the by Maharaja Jai Singh II of Amber in the 18th century.

The Jal Mahal palace is an architectural showcase of the Rajputana style of architecture (common in Rajasthan) on a grand scale. The building has a scenic view of the lake itself but owing to its seclusion from land is equally the focus of a viewpoint from the Man Sagar Dam on the eastern side of the lake in front of the backdrop of the surrounding Nahargarh hills.

The palace constructed in red sandstone is a five storied building, of which four floors remain underwater when the lake is full and the top floor is exposed. The chhatris on the four corners are octagonal.

The hills surrounding the lake area, towards the north east of Jaipur, have quartzite rock formations, which is part of Aravalli hills range.

Within the lake area, the ground area is made up of a thick mantle of soil, blown sand, and alluvium.  At each corner of this palace semi-octagonal towers were built with an elegant cupola.

Jaigarh Fort is situated on the top of the hill called the Cheel ka Teela (Hill of Eagles) of the Aravalli range; it overlooks the Amber Fort and the Maota Lake, near Amber, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.The fort was built by Jai Singh || in 1726 to protect the Amber Fort and its palace and was named after him.

The fort, rugged and similar in structural design as of Amber Fort, is also known as Victory Fort. It has the length of 3 kilometers (1.9 mi) along the north-south direction and a width of 1 kilometer (0.62 mi). The fort features a cannon named “Jaivana”, which was manufactured in the fort precincts and was at that time the world’s largest cannon on wheels.The palace complex (Laxmi Vilas, Lalit Mandir, Vilas Mandir and Aram Mandir) located ), an armory and a museum. Jaigarh Fort and Amber Fort are connected by a subterranean passage.

The fort has highly fortified with thick walls of red sandstone and is spread over a layout plan with a length of 3 kilometers (1.9 mi) and a width of 1 kilometer (0.62 mi); it has an impressive square garden (50 meters (160 ft) square) within it.  The palaces have the courtrooms and halls with screened windows. A central watch tower on a raised ground provides the excellent vistas of the surrounding landscape.

The Aram Mandir and the garden within its courtyard, on the northern side of the fort complex, has a triple-arched entrance “The Awani Darwaza” which was refurbished in recent times to get views of the Sagar Lake (an artificial lake); water from this lake used to be transported to the fort in pouches loaded on elephant  and  along with the humans carrying water pots.

The triple arch gateway with walls above it is painted red and yellow. The architectural features are of Indo-Persian style have cyclopean walls built with dressed stone and plastered with lime mortar. There are two temples within the fort precincts, one is the Ram Harihar temple of the 10th century and the other one is the Kal Bhairav temple of 12th-century vintage.

The Albert Hall Museum is one of the captivation places for tourist who ardor feeling is towards the culture and heritage in Jaipur, India. It is one of the oldest museums of the state and functions as the State Museum of Rajasthan. The building is situated in Ram Villas Garden outside the city wall opposite New gate and is a fine example of Indo-Saracenic Architecture. The building was designed by the Sir Samuel Jackson Jacob and assisted by Mir Tujumool Hoosein, and was opened as a public museum in 1887. It is also called the Government Central Museum of Rajasthan. Maharaja Ram Singh initially wanted this building to be a town hall, but his successor, Madho Singh II, decided it should be a museum for the art of Jaipur, Rajasthan and included as part of the new Ram Nivas Garden. The museum has a rich collection of artifacts including paintings, carpets, ivory, stone, metal sculptures, and works in a crystal which made the museum as the store of “all old memory”.

The foundation stone of Albert Hall was laid during the visit of the Prince of Wales, Albert Edward to Jaipur in 1876.  However in 1880 Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh II approved a suggestion by Dr. Thomas Holbein Hendley, Resident Surgeon (whose interests extended beyond his medical responsibilities) to open a museum of Industrial Arts to display products of local craftsmen.

 

The Jantar Mantar is an equinoctial sundial which is used to show the time in the daily duration and its consisting of a gigantic triangular gnomon with the hypotenuse parallel to the Earth’s axis. On both side of the gnomon is a quadrant of a circle, parallel to the plane of the equator. The instrument is used to measure the time of day, correct for half a second and declination of the sun and the other heavenly bodies.

There are five Jantar Mantar monuments presents in India, of which the largest is in Jaipur which features many instruments along with the world’s largest stone sundial.The Vrihat Samrat Yantra is a sundial that can give the local time to an accuracy of 2 seconds. It is also defined by UNESCO World Heritage Site.

As in the 18th century, Maharajas Jai Singh II of Jaipur constructed five Jantar Mantars in total, in New Dehli, Jaipur, Ujjain, Matura and Varanasi and all were completed between the duration of 1724 and 1735.

The Jantars have evocative names like Samrat Yantra, Jai Prakash, Ram Yantra and Niyati Chakra; each of them is used to various astronomical calculations. The main purpose of the observatory was to compile astronomical tables and predict the times and movements of the Sun, Moon, and planets.

Jaipur is the capital of Rajasthan and situated on the western side of India.It was built by the Sawai Jai Singh II on the 17 November 1727.It has the vast historical importance in the western part of India which made the Jaipur to be significantly different from rest of the western cities.In other cities of Rajasthan, cities are known for its either historical or cultural folks but when its come to Jaipur city which is also known as “Pinkcity” is made a huge difference as it has the both historical as well as culture folks.

Jaipur - Adventure Travel Trip
Hawa Mahal – Pride of Jaipur – The Pink City.

In terms of tourist density, Pink City always gives cold feet to many cities in the western part of Rajasthan due to its accessible location.As it is located 280 km (174 miles) from the Indian capital New Dehli Jaipur forms a part of the west Golden Triangle tourist circuit along with Agra(240 km, 149 mi).Pinkcity is a popular tourist destination of India and serves as a gateway to other in a tourist destination such as Jodhpur (348 km, 216 mi), Jaisalmer(571 km, 355 mi), Udaipur(421 km, 262 mi) and Mount Abu (520 km, 323 mi).

The most important part which a tourist want to visit the city is the supreme architecture of the Jaipur city.The city was planned according to Indian Vastu Shastra by Vidaydhar Bhattacharya in 1727.There are three gates facing east, west, and north. The eastern gate is called Suraj Pol (sun gate), the western gate is called Chand Pol (moon gate) and the northern gate faces the ancestral capital of Amer.

Most prominent location in Jaipur – The Pink City which attracts the tourist all over the world :

  • Amer Fort
  • Jal Mahal
  • Nahargarh Fort
  • Jaigarh Fort
  • Hawa Mahal
  • City Palace
  • Jantar Mantar
  • Albert Hall
  • Jaipur Zoo
  • Govind Devji Temple
  • Galta Ji Temple
  • Kanak Vrindavan
  • Birla Temple